Unterschiede

Hier werden die Unterschiede zwischen zwei Versionen angezeigt.

Link zu dieser Vergleichsansicht

Beide Seiten der vorigen Revision Vorhergehende Überarbeitung
electrical_engineering_1:dc_circuit_transients [2021/11/03 14:21]
tfischer
electrical_engineering_1:dc_circuit_transients [2021/11/22 03:50] (aktuell)
tfischer
Zeile 74: Zeile 74:
 </callout> </callout>
  
-<WRAP>{{url>https://www.falstad.com/circuit/circuitjs.html?running=false&ctz=CQAgjCAMB0l3BOJyWoVaYEBYDsuBmbSbMSAVmwDZcqRyJyRsD6BTAWjDACgA3cNmwgATMUHCwQqDPFNIMmOR4AnEAQJ0pw4gu0yykHgGNmcCWYViFN2PEgjFd3gHcL10eI9G3Hj7s8bHl8vUL1aKB4AZVEADlj3ci1pGxAAMwBDABsAZzYZEWDRJPARBP0wMsi3CqqKlKKRErAqK3EWoJC9VsDwCKMAD09ccEh0ESpWbkdhMRAoniGWqdjHMFi9WKZZ4QBVRfAN8AQV9Cw6SQScg4JcSSx1BAhKmc8QACUbnpEx9XxRSrMN4AYR4tys8QsGmSkkUPAADsxsOVpEIEh4IJ0kejxAFvEU0RYAvpBqIEFpAQRIM8wNs3gBLG7U0oKAhgKYiViXECgoZ4ST-ZFaI7c3nMchnXAKPBrQhAuYAVx4AHtROBZGN0DB7LQRCccOQ2U0MPYELQksarGrWPSAPrAgA0AB0cgr7WD0U57Mztaa0P6kDyMvCMsZ6QAXDIAO2MbBdoII5QMengHzYOXpOUjMbjOU+QA noborder}} </WRAP> +In the simulation on the below you can see the circuit mentioned above in a slightly modified form:
- +
-In the simulation on the right you can see the circuit mentioned above in a slightly modified form:+
  
   * The capacitance $C$ can be charged via the resistor $R$ if the toggle switch $S$ connects the DC voltage source $U_s$ to the two.   * The capacitance $C$ can be charged via the resistor $R$ if the toggle switch $S$ connects the DC voltage source $U_s$ to the two.
Zeile 87: Zeile 85:
   - Become familiar with how the capacitor current $i_C$ and capacitor voltage $u_C$ depend on the given capacitance $C$ and resistance $R$. \\ To do this, use for $R=\{ 10\Omega, 100\Omega, 1k\Omega\}$ and $C=\{ 1\mu F, 10 \mu F\}$. How fast does the capacitor voltage $u_C$ increase in each case n?   - Become familiar with how the capacitor current $i_C$ and capacitor voltage $u_C$ depend on the given capacitance $C$ and resistance $R$. \\ To do this, use for $R=\{ 10\Omega, 100\Omega, 1k\Omega\}$ and $C=\{ 1\mu F, 10 \mu F\}$. How fast does the capacitor voltage $u_C$ increase in each case n?
   - Which quantity ($i_C$ or $u_C$) is continuous here? Why must this one be continuous? Why must the other quantity be discontinuous?   - Which quantity ($i_C$ or $u_C$) is continuous here? Why must this one be continuous? Why must the other quantity be discontinuous?
 +
 +<WRAP>{{url>https://www.falstad.com/circuit/circuitjs.html?running=false&ctz=CQAgjCAMB0l3BOJyWoVaYEBYDsuBmbSbMSAVmwDZcqRyJyRsD6BTAWjDACgA3cNmwgATMUHCwQqDPFNIMmOR4AnEAQJ0pw4gu0yykHgGNmcCWYViFN2PEgjFd3gHcL10eI9G3Hj7s8bHl8vUL1aKB4AZVEADlj3ci1pGxAAMwBDABsAZzYZEWDRJPARBP0wMsi3CqqKlKKRErAqK3EWoJC9VsDwCKMAD09ccEh0ESpWbkdhMRAoniGWqdjHMFi9WKZZ4QBVRfAN8AQV9Cw6SQScg4JcSSx1BAhKmc8QACUbnpEx9XxRSrMN4AYR4tys8QsGmSkkUPAADsxsOVpEIEh4IJ0kejxAFvEU0RYAvpBqIEFpAQRIM8wNs3gBLG7U0oKAhgKYiViXECgoZ4ST-ZFaI7c3nMchnXAKPBrQhAuYAVx4AHtROBZGN0DB7LQRCccOQ2U0MPYELQksarGrWPSAPrAgA0AB0cgr7WD0U57Mztaa0P6kDyMvCMsZ6QAXDIAO2MbBdoII5QMengHzYOXpOUjMbjOU+QA noborder}} </WRAP>
  
 At the following, this circuit is divided into two separate circuits, which consider only charging and only discharging. At the following, this circuit is divided into two separate circuits, which consider only charging and only discharging.
Zeile 92: Zeile 92:
 ~~PAGEBREAK~~ ~~CLEARFIX~~ ~~PAGEBREAK~~ ~~CLEARFIX~~
  
-<WRAP> <imgcaption imageNo02 | circuit for viewing the charge curve> </imgcaption> {{drawio>SchaltungEntladekurve2}} </WRAP>+Here a short introduction about the transient behavior of an RC element (starting at 15:07 until 24:55) 
 +{{youtube>8nyNamrWcyE?start=907&stop=1495}}
  
 To understand the charging process of a capacitor, an initially uncharged capacitor with capacitance $C$ is to be charged by a DC voltage source $U_s$ via a resistor $R$. To understand the charging process of a capacitor, an initially uncharged capacitor with capacitance $C$ is to be charged by a DC voltage source $U_s$ via a resistor $R$.
Zeile 102: Zeile 103:
   * With the current thus reduced, less charge flows on the capacitor.   * With the current thus reduced, less charge flows on the capacitor.
   * Ideally, the capacitor is not fully charged to the specified voltage $U_s$ until $t \rightarrow \infty$. It then carries the charge: $q(t \rightarrow \infty)=Q = C \cdot U_s$   * Ideally, the capacitor is not fully charged to the specified voltage $U_s$ until $t \rightarrow \infty$. It then carries the charge: $q(t \rightarrow \infty)=Q = C \cdot U_s$
 +
 +<WRAP> <imgcaption imageNo02 | circuit for viewing the charge curve> </imgcaption> {{drawio>SchaltungEntladekurve2}} </WRAP>
  
 The process is now to be summarized in detail in formulas. Linear components are used in the circuit, i.e. the component values for the resistor $R$ and the capacitance $C$ are independent of the current or the voltage. Then definition equations for the resistor $R$ and the capacitance $C$ are also valid for time-varying or infinitesimal quantities: The process is now to be summarized in detail in formulas. Linear components are used in the circuit, i.e. the component values for the resistor $R$ and the capacitance $C$ are independent of the current or the voltage. Then definition equations for the resistor $R$ and the capacitance $C$ are also valid for time-varying or infinitesimal quantities: